So which is it: Discrimination, or Discrimination against Arabs?
Haaretz has an article today about discrimination against groups in Israel. In the report, it seems that
"Israeli employers prefer not to hire Arabs, Ethiopians and Haredis - even those holding at least an undergraduate degree, according to a study published on Monday. "The report then goes into some details:
More than 83 percent of employers are repelled by the idea of hiring an Arab without a university degree, found the study conducted by the Kiryat Ono Academy.So here we have a report of three distinctive groups within Israeli society subjected to some sort of discrimination: Arabs, Haredis, Ethiopian Jews.
Some 58 percent of managers prefer not to hire Haredic academics, and 53 percent of them would rather not hire Ethiopians, the report said.
Some 86 percent of the research participants said that they would rather not promote Haredic employees, 79 percent said that about Arabs, and 70 percent of them would rather not promote an Ethiopian worker.
The first statement suggests that there seems to be a general reluctance to hire any of these groups even when they do not have a university degree.
However, a little further down, we find that
"More than 83 percent of employers are repelled by the idea of hiring an Arab without a university degree".
There seems to be some dissonance between the two findings which is not clear: are Arabs discriminated against because they are Arabs, or because they do not have university degrees? And what kind of jobs are we talking about? Manual jobs that do not require any specialization or education, or white collar jobs which do stipulate a university degree?
Another point of puzzlement: it appears that Haredis encounter more prejudice than Arabs do, when it comes to promotion.
And even more puzzling is the emphasis given to the Arab sector in this report. The title of the article says: Study: Israeli employers prefer not to hire Arabs.
Yet the information we receive from the article as soon as we start reading is that "Israeli employers prefer not to hire Arabs, Ethiopians and Haredis".
It's as if the writers of this report were mainly concerned with the discrimination of Arabs, and less with the discrimination of Ethiopians and Haredis. So what exactly is the problem that bedevils Israeli society, that there are still levels of discrimination to be found among its ranks against anyone who is distinctly different in some way, or discrimination against Arabs? Which is the more outrageous sin, I'd like to know? Because as I read this article, discrimination as a foul sickness does not seem to worry the authors so much as the specific discrimination against Arabs does. The article's emphasis on the Arab sector is in and of itself a type of discrimination.
Speaking for myself, the kind that outrages me most is discrimination against Ethiopian Jews. The Arab sector is a powerful and assertive presence, with a well-oiled machine on all levels of politics and society for making and correcting perceived wrongs. The same applies for the Haredi sector. It's the Ethiopian Jews that are the most vulnerable minority, the least vocal with the least power to advance their cause. They are the ones about whom we should worry the most.
You don't get that kind of concern from this particular article.